Marma Points "Secret points of Ayurveda"

Marma points are very important elements of Ayurveda’s healing power. Developed in India centuries ago, these energy points profoundly affect the body, mind and spirit and facilitate the deepest levels of healing. Prana is the current of energy that infuses every cell within the body. Stimulating marmani (energy points) directly taps into this reservoir of energy and promotes health.

This work is the first of its kind to systematically present all 117 marmani according to their individual energetics and to compare them with the Chinese system of acupuncture points. Detailed commentaries for each marma shed light on their diagnostic and therapeutic scope. Marma therapy integrates vital knowledge of the energy points with specific techniques of Ayurvedic massage, detoxification, acupressure, aromatherapy, yoga practices, meditation and more.

In ancient Vedic times, marma points were called bindu – a dot, secret dot or mystic point. Like a door or pathway, activating a marma point opens into the inner pharmacy of the body. The body is a silent, universal, biochemical laboratory—operating every moment to interpret and transform arising events. Touching a marma point changes the body’s biochemistry and can unfold radical, alchemical change in one’s makeup. Stimulation of these inner pharmacy pathways signals the body to produce exactly what it needs, including hormones and neurochemicals that heal the body, mind and consciousness. This deep dimension of marma therapy has the potential to unfold spiritual healing.

The word ‘marma’ means ‘hidden’, or ‘secret’.

In Ayurveda it refers to the junctures in the body where muscles, veins, ligaments, bones and joints intersect. Ayurveda also recognizes these points where the three life forces, referred as the dosha reside in the body.

These points operate by inducing the flow of vital energy along the right energy channels. They need the application of pressure or the insertion of needles to do this.

It is thus not surprising that point-based therapies, such as acupuncture, acupressure and reflexology, are believed to have been derived from the science of marma. Similarly, Ayurvedic massages use clockwise and anti-clockwise massaging movements to 'unclog' energies blocked in the joints, which restores the dosha and allows them to flow naturally throughout the body.

The human body has about 107 marma points – and, including the human mind, 108 – which vary considerably in size, from one to six inches in diameter. 

These points were mapped out in detail many centuries ago in the classic Ayurvedic text of 'Sushruta Samhita'. All these points cover both the front and back body, and they include the 22 on the body's lower extremities, another 22 on the arms, 12 on the chest and stomach, 14 on the back, and 37 on the head and neck.

Most marma points are relatively large in size, and therefore easy to find. This is unlike the miniscule points that other point-based therapies, such as acupuncture, focus on. Massage therapists are familiar with these marma points, which oftern happen to be naturally sensitive areas, such as the temple on the head, the base of the skull, and the back of the knees. Some other important marmas include the muscle marma, the blood vessel marma, the bone marma and the joint marma. Marma-point massages are done by Ayurvedic doctors in this way: clockwise and anti-clockwise movements of the light touch of fingers, the former stimulating a marma point, the latter breaking up blocked energy held within.

Marma Points and Acupuncture Points
There is a tendency to equate marmas with acupuncture points, which they do resemble. Marmas are points or areas on the body that can be manupulated with either acupressure or needles where it is called 'marmapuncture'
Marma therapy is an important tool of both disease prevention and disease treatment in Ayurveda. It can be used to balance the doshas, to increase agni, for detoxification, as well as to promote energy and aid id rejuvenation. it can be part of special clinical methods like Pancha Karma but also part of self-care and our daily health regimen. Marma therapy is particularly good for arthritis and other structural problems, as well as for treating any type of nerve pain or paralysis.